نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار روابط بین الملل دانشکده علوم انسانی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رفسنجان، رفسنجان، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بین الملل دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد کیش، کیش، ایران

10.22080/jpir.2020.2954

چکیده

خاورمیانه با یک دوران آشفته و بی ثبات روبرو است. یک مانع جدی برای صلح و توسعه پایدار در منطقه ، رقابت شدید بین ایران وکشورهای مخالف آن ، شامل امارات متحده عربی و اسراییل به رهبری عربستان سعودی می باشد ، که به شدت توسط ایالات متحده حمایت می شوند و موضع تهاجمی دولت دونالد ترامپ در مورد ایران باعث افزایش تنش های منطقه ای شده است . پرسش این است که «پیامدهای رقابت ژئوپلتیک ایران و عربستان برکشورهای اروپایی چیست و اینکه اتحادیه اروپا چگونه می تواند در فرایند ثبات وامنیت خاورمیانه نقش آفرینی کند؟ِ». فرضیه آن است که بازیگران اروپایی باید با دقت تنش های ژئوپلیتیکی منطقه را مورد بررسی قرار دهند و از اهرم محدودی که دارند برعلیه روند فعلی که ممکن است منجر به بی ثباتی بیشتر و درگیری گسترده تر بین منطقه ای و شاید جهانی شود استفاده کنند. یافته های این پژوهش نشان داده است اگر اروپا در قبال مسائل خاورمیانه و بخصوص برجام نخواهد با قاطعیت عمل کند و در برابریکجانبه گری آمریکا مقاومت نشان ندهد ، با معظلات خاورمیانه از جمله بحران پناهندگان و مشکلات امنیتی روبرو خواهد بود . این پژوهش به روش تبیینی- تحلیلی و مبتنی برآینده پژوهی می باشد.

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